The number of Dutch in South Africa was only 90 in 1652, which reached 16,000 in 1795. I have been reading Nelson Mandela's biography, "The Long Walk to Freedom", and only through it realized that the racism we suffer in the United States is a world-wide plague. Dutch Colonization Of South Africa. For instance, in 1654 complete starvation was averted by the arrival of Tulp from Madagascar with rice supplies. Dias named the Cape, the Cape Storms, but John II the king of Portugal renamed it the Cape of Good Hope. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. The Dutch were very busy traders in their time. The Dutch were very busy traders in their time. The expansion was so evident that the VOC complained in 1661 that Van Riebeeck was establishing a colony and a town a plan that had been discouraged by the company. There is so much that we don't have because of our need to raise "rank". At its height, the Dutch East India Company … 3. Use this printable file folder project to learn all about the early days at the Cape settlement. In 1480, Portuguese ships landed on the shores of the West Coast of Africa. Three distinct patterns of colonisation can be distinguished. The Afrikaners succeeded in this aim. Source(s): https://shorte.im/a9ShS. South Africa was a Dutch colony until 1795. In 1651, the VOC issued instructions that a refreshment station should be established at the Cape to provide fresh supplies of vegetables, fruit and meat for VOC ships on their way to the East Indies. By the 1660s, the settlement showed growth in the number of buildings and European visitors began to refer to the settlement as a town. This changed early in the 17th century when the Dutch and English formed trading companies that sought to challenge the Portuguese and Spanish domination of the European trade with Asia. Zulus. The Dutch East India Company, called the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC in Dutch, was a company whose main purpose was trade, exploration, and colonization throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. This was the strata from which the first âtrekkersâ emergedâthose white colonialists who over the course of the 18th century branched out from the Cape Town base and began expanding white presence in southern Africa, to the north and the east. Third, placing this history front and center reminds those of us in the developed world, especially those of us of European descent, of both our historic linkages to colonial oppression and our ongoing collective responsibilityâhere and nowâ to address the devastating legacies of that oppression. The Dutch colonised the Cape to establish a way-station on their route to the lucrative trade in India. Learn more about the colonial history of South Africa; DUTCH RULE IN THE CAPE COLONY 1652 - 1795 BRITISH OCCUPATION 1795 - 1803 RETURN TO DUTCH RULE 1803 - 1806 SECOND BRITISH OCCUPATION 1806 . That is when the colonial invasion of South Africa started. It was created in 1602 and lasted until 1800. In this process, the trekkers began forging a new, distinct national and cultural identity, distinct from the Dutch and in opposition both to indigenous Africans and the EnglishâAfrikaner nationalism. That isn't much time to set up colonies.On the other hand Britain managed to heavily colonize North America and Australia before this time, and likewise, Spain did South America. Source: World History, Connections to Today, Core Support, Prentice Hall, 2001 (adapted) from the NYS Global History and Geography Regents Exam, January 2006. The VOC had a big impact on South Africa, but they weren't the only Dutch trading company. In 1652, Dutch emigrants first settled in South Africa near the Cape of Good Hope to establish a station where ships traveling to the Dutch East Indies (currently Indonesia) could rest and resupply. This was the introduction to almost a century and a half of English domination up to 1961 when South Africa became an independent Republic, after being a Union under British supervision for half a century - from 1910. So sad that anyone in the world now or 300 years ago placed value on the color of a person's skin. It had a healthy, subtropical and partly fertile hinterland, which was virtually unoccupied. Although European vessels frequently passed by South Africa on their way to E Africa and India, and sometimes stopped for provisions or rest, no permanent European settlement was made until 1652, when Jan van Riebeeck and about 90 other persons set up a provisioning station for the Dutch East India Company at Table Bay on the Cape of Good Hope. Bartholomeu Dias explored the continent further southwards and in 1488 unknowingly sailed round the Cape. 8 years ago. This, unlike the Dutch settlement in 1652, was not permanent. Suffice it to say that while the British succeeded in their aims of establishing unitary rule through southern Africa, they did not come close to succeeding in the stated goal of destroying Afrkaner nationalismâindeed, the war strengthened Afrikaner ethnic identity. South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. This is not to say that the trekkers lived luxuriously, in the style of 19th-century plantation owners in the American Southâindeed, they were almost all simply eking out a subsistence existence. Why British colonised South Africa? who were the afrikaners? Africa’s diplomatic, strategic and material potential led European Powers to seize the opportunity to exploit a new continent. Support fearless independent local journalism. The second pattern was started by establishing a provision station at the Cape and determined by population … Dutch West India Company, byname of West India Company, Dutch West-Indische Compagnie, Dutch trading company, founded in 1621 mainly to carry on economic warfare against Spain and Portugal by striking at their colonies in the West Indies and South America and on the west coast of Africa. As Prof. Ch. Let me specify two ways I don't think it matters. In 1795 the Cape was captured by the British during the French Revolutionary Wars, and the 1814 peace settlement decided that it should remain British. Most Europeans still regarded the settlement as a pit stop. The colonization of South Africa took place in the early 1800s by the British. This was the introduction to almost a century and a half of English domination up to 1961 when South Africa became an independent Republic, after being a Union under British supervision for half a century - from 1910. Boer, (Dutch: “husbandman,” or “farmer”), a South African of Dutch, German, or Huguenot descent, especially one of the early settlers of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State. Why did the Britis h colonize Souther n Africa? Portugal seems to be the only country who began their colonization of Angola and Mozambique quite early (16th century). Muslim traders dominated the spice trade in the Indian Ocean in the medieval period. Kestrel. Thompson and other historians judge slavery in the Cape in this period to be more brutal than that prevailing in North America at the time. I learned of the Dutch involvement in South Africa through Mandela's book. Imperialism and Colonialism- South Africa. On December 1651, Van Riebeeck left the Netherlands for the Cape of Good Hope aboard the Drommedaris accompanied by two other ships arriving at the Cape on 6 April 1652. Unfortunately, we are all equal, too, in our need to be better than our brothers. 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